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PID controller

To the PID controller there is not much to say. See here.

 

 

 

The SW implementation is also straight forward. Here you find a cool blog about it.

The implementation could look like this.

 
void setPIDFactors()
{
	kpr = 0.5; //PID constants for for roll angle
	kir = 0.01;
	kdr = 2.0;

	kpp = 0.5; //PID constants for pitch angle
	kip = 0.01;
	kdp = 2.0;

	kpy = 1.0; //PID constants for yaw angle
	kiy = 0;
	kdy = 0;

	sampleFrequency = 333; //sample update rate of the MPU9250 
}

void ComputePIDRoll()
{
	errorR = 100 * (-setRoll - roll); //in this application the setRoll has to be negated; depends on the orientation matrix of the MPU9250
	errSumR = errSumR + errorR / sampleFrequency; 
	if (errSumR * kir > 1000)
	{
		errSumRWatch = 1000;
	}
	else if (errSumR * kir < -1000)
	{
		errSumRWatch = -1000;
	}
	else errSumRWatch = errSumR;
	dErrR = errorR - lastErrR;
	outputR[0] = outputR[1]; //we build an average output over 5 samples; [5] holds the average value
	outputR[1] = outputR[2];
	outputR[2] = outputR[3];
	outputR[3] = outputR[4];
	outputR[4] = (kpr / 10.0 * errorR) + (kir * errSumR) + (kdr * dErrR);
	outputR[5] = (outputR[0] + outputR[1] + outputR[2] + outputR[3] + outputR[4]) / 5; //
	lastErrR = errorR;
}

Pich and Yaw use a similar PID controller function.